Had Broker said:
- Climate changes because of CO2.
- There are risks coming from (1).
- Reducing CO2 emissions would reduces risks caused by (1).
he would be immune to Judy’s criticism. They all are factual claims. Yet it’s quite clear that we can hear what to infer from these factual claims.
Why is that? Because we listen to a broker B with some action A in mind. This action has some relevance R to the topic T under discussion.
The formula is therefore B x A x R x T.